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Research Activity  
Incomes, Welfare and Poverty 
International Trade and Finance 
Macroeconomic Forecasting 
Micro Economics 
Public Sector Reforms 
Research Head

Incomes, Welfare and Poverty


David Mmopelwa

Mr David Mmopelwa is currently a Research Fellow at BIDPA in the Poverty and Welfare unit. He also worked as an Associate Researcher and a Research Assistant during the periods 2008 to 2012, and 2004 to 2008, respectively. He graduated with Masters Degree in Economics (in 2008) and Bachelor’s Degree in Economics (in 2004), both from the University of Botswana. Mr Mmopelwa has keen interest in the analysis of poverty and welfare economic issues. He has attended training workshops in the field of poverty analysis and assessment, which include “participatory methods in poverty analysis, and “the use of STATA software in poverty analysis.


Since joining BIDPA, he has been a team member for several consultancy projects, including the following:

  • Customer satisfaction survey. Client: Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA). 2015-2016.
  • Social upliftment diagnostic study: Client: National Strategy Office, Office of the President, Botswana. 2014.
  • Institutional reforms of the construction industry in Botswana. Client: Ministry of Infrastructure, Science and Technology, Botswana. 2012.
  • Elections and the Management of Diversity in Africa, Botswana case. Client: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), 2012.
  • Enterprise development in Botswana. Client: International Labour Organization, 2011.
  • National Vision 2016 household opinion survey. Client: Vision 2016 secretariat. 2010.
  • Consultancy to review the National Strategy for Poverty Reduction: Social Protection Policy (Social Safety Nets) for poverty and vulnerability reduction. Client: Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, Botswana, December 2009-June 2010.
  • Botswana’s Agricultural Sector Review. Client: Ministry of Agriculture, Botswana, 2008-2009.
  • Consultancy to conduct a sub-national baseline nutrition-economic study in the context of rising food prices. Client: UNICEF Botswana. April-August 2009.



  • Mmopelwa, D., and Lekobane, K.R. (2015). Household Wealth Status in Botswana: An Asset Based Approach. Global journal of human social science. Volume XV, Issue VI: 21-28 
  • Mmopelwa, D., and Lekobane, K.R. (2014). Assessing Household Wealth Status: An Asset Based Approach. In Statistics Botswana. 2014. Population and Housing Census Analytical Report. Statistics Botswana, Gaborone.
  • Kaboyakgosi, G., and Mmopelwa D. (2013). Economics of Elections. In Phirinyane, B (ed). Elections and the Management of Diversity in Botswana: Gaborone, Botswana: Lentswe la Lesedi. ISBN 978-99912-71-50-7.
  • Okurut, N., Kepaletswe, F., & Mmopelwa, D. (2013) Determinants of Birth Weight in Botswana. International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management Sciences, 2 (52): 2226-3524.
  • Mmopelwa, D., and Seleka, T. B.  (2012). Public Transfers and communal beef cattle marketing decisions: Empirical Evidence from Botswana. Journal of Agribusiness, 30(1): 87-106.
  • Mmopelwa, D., and Seleka, T. B.  (2011). Factors underlying communal beef cattle marketing decisions in Botswana: The role of public and private transfers. BIDPA, Working paper No 30.
  • Mmopelwa, D., Nnyepi, M., Codjia, P. (2011). Predictors of household food insecurity and implications for child nutrition (in Maundeni T. P and Nnyepi M. S (Eds). Thari ya Bana: Reflections on Children in Botswana. Gaborone: UNICEF).
  • Nnyepi, M., Mmopelwa, D., and Codjia, P. (2010). Child nutrition and household economic situation in the context of rising food prices in Mabutsane and Bobirwa (in Maundeni T. P (Ed). Thari ya Bana: Reflections on Children in Botswana in Gaborone, Botswana: UB and UNICEF).
  • Seleka, T. B., Makepe, P., Kebakile, P., Batsetswe, L., Mmopelwa, D., Mbaiwa, K., and Jackson, J. (2008). The Feasibility of Mandatory Fortification of Cereals in Botswana. Lentswe la Lesedi, Gaborone, Botswana. ISBN: 978-99912-71-39-2.



Lillian Mookodi

Ms Lillian Mookodi is Associate Researcher in the Incomes, Welfare and Poverty Unit. Ms Mookodi has also worked for five years (2006- 2011) in the Ministry of Finance & Development Planning as a Poverty and Food Strategy Coordinator where her duties included: implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the National Strategy for Poverty Reduction (NSPR); coordination of poverty information systems and advocacy; production of periodic poverty reports and bi-annual bulletins; promotion of policy dialogue, best practices and consensus building.


Educational Background and Research Interests

MSc Development Economics and Policy (University of Manchester, UK) obtained in 2010; BA in Social Sciences- Economics and Statistics (University of Botswana) obtained in 2004. Research interests include poverty analysis and poverty reduction strategies/policies; employment; microfinance; child nutrition and growth; food Security; economic growth and development; and gender development.


Consultancy Projects/ Research involved in while at BIDPA

  • Consultancy on the “Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority Customer Satisfaction Survey”. Client: BOCRA, Botswana. 2015
  •  Consultancy on theSocial Upliftment Diagnostic Study”. Client: National Strategy Office, Botswana. 2014
  • Collaborative Research Project on “Gender And Inclusive Growth: The Role Of Institutions In Promoting SME Growth In Mauritius And Botswana”- BIDPA; University of Botswana and University of Mauritius. Client; IDRC. 2013- 2015. Conducted a Situational Analysis of the SMEs in Botswana and contributed in the designing of the questionnaires; and collected data on the institutions, participated in qualitative data analysis; and to the Botswana Team report writing.
  • Consultancy on the Evaluation of the African Development Bank's 2004-2013 Assistance to Botswana. Client: African Development Bank. 2013. Contributed to a section on “Development strategies and policies in Botswana”.
  • Consultancy on the revision of National Policy on Gender and Development (2012). Client: Ministry of Labour and Home Affairs- Gender Affairs Department. 2012. Contributed on the revision and editions of the final report.
  • Consultancy on the study on the contribution of sustainable natural resource management to economic growth and poverty eradication and achievement of NDP 10 goals. Client: UNDP/MFDP. 2012. Contributed a section on “tourism, CBNRM and poverty eradication” for the discussion paper; and final report



  • Kaboyakgosi G. and L. Mookodi, (2014), “Integrated Results Based Management in Botswana: Institutions, Documentation and Progress to Date”, BIDPA working Paper 41.
  • The Botswana Social Protection Assessment. (2013). Collaboration Assessment between BIDPA and the World Bank. Research Team member.
  • The Botswana School Feeding Programme: A case study. Partnership for Child Development, African Union and NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. Research Team member.
  • Annual Poverty Monitoring Report 2007/08, Poverty Strategy Unit, Secretariat to the Multi-Sectoral Committee for Poverty Reduction, May 2009. Team Member.
  • Annual Poverty Monitoring Report 2006/07, Secretariat to the MSCPR, August 2007. Team Member


Khaufelo Raymond Lekobane

Mr Khaufelo Raymond Lekobane is a Research Fellow with Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis. Mr Lekobane is an experienced researcher and survey specialist. He has a wealth of experience in survey research methodologies. Mr Lekobane holds a Master of Arts (Statistics), obtained from the University of Botswana in 2008. As a statistician, Mr Lekobane’s major responsibilities include (i) providing technical support for the research and policy analysis activities conducted within BIDPA and relating to the individual’s area of specialization, (ii) planning , organizing and taking major leadership responsibility in small to medium sized surveys and consultancy assignments, (iii) training interviewers during BIDPA surveys on interviewing techniques (iv) designing templates for data capturing, train data entry clerks and supervise the whole process of data processing, (v) Analyzing survey data for other researchers,  (vi) ensuring that the project work results in formal acceptance by the client and is undertaken within the agreed budget and terms of the contract, (iv) assisting with building capacity, guidance, training and mentoring of Research Assistants, Associate Researchers and seconded personnel. Mr Lekobane is also well vested in a number of statistical packages such as SPSS, STATA, E-VIEWS, Excel and others.



  1. Lekobane K. R., and Seleka, T. B. (2011). “Do Public Transfers discourage farmer participation in Subsistence Crop Production? Empirical Evidence from Botswana. BIDPA Working paper No. 29.
  2. Seleka T. B., and Lekobane, K. R. (2014). Public Transfers and Subsistence Producer Disincentives in Botswana. BIDPA Working paper No. 37
  3. Lekobane K. R., and Seleka T. B. (2014). Determinants of Household Welfare and Poverty in Botswana, 2002/03 and 2009/10. BIDPA Working paper No. 38.
  4. Lekobane K. R., and Mooketsane, K. S. (2015). Examining evidence of feminization of poverty in Botswana. BIDPA Working paper No. 43.



  1. Kebakile, P., Lekobane, K. R., Wallenoffer, S. And Gross, P. (2011). Extent and Nature of Child Poverty in Botswana. In Maundeni, T. And Nyepi, M. (Eds). Thari ya Bana: Reflections on children in Botswana. Gaborone, Botswana: UNICEF. 
  2. Lekobane, K. R., (2014). Methodological Chapter in Phirinyane eds. Elections and the Management of Diversity in Botswana.
  3. Mmopelwa D. and Lekobane K. R., (2014). Assessing Household Wealth Status: An Asset Based Approach.  In Statistics Botswana Report.


  1. Sikalao-Lekobane, O. L., and Lekobane, K. R. (2014). Do Macroeconomic Variables Influence Domestic Stock Market Price Behaviour in Emerging Markets. A Johansen Cointegration Approach to the Botswana Stock Market. Journal of Economic and Behavioural Studies, 6(5), 363-372.

  2. Mmopelwa D. and Lekobane K. R., (2015). Household Wealth Status in Botswana: An Asset Based Approach.  Global Journal of Human Social Science (GJHSS), 15(6), 21 – 28.

  3. Lekobane K. R., and Mooketsane, K. S. (2015). Examining evidence of feminization of poverty in Botswana. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies 7(5), 55-64.
  4. Lekobane K. R., and Seleka T. B. (2016). Determinants of Household Welfare and Poverty in Botswana, 2002/03 and 2009/10. (Journal of Poverty)
  5. Lekobane K. R., and Mooketsane, K. S. (2016). Rural Poverty in Botswana: A Gendered Analysis. Journal of Social and Development Sciences 7(1), 48-58.
  6. Seleka T. B., and Lekobane, K. R. (2016). Public Transfers and Subsistence Producer Disincentives in Botswana. Review of Development Economics.



  1. Vision Council. (2011). National Vision 2016 Household Opinion Survey. Gaborone, Botswana: Lentswe La Lesedi (Pty) Ltd. Research Team member.
  2. The Botswana School Feeding Programme: A case study. Partnership for Child Development, African Union and NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. Research Team member.
  3. World Bank and BIDPA (2013). Botswana Social Protection Assessment .Gaborone, Botswana.



Pinkie Kebakile

Pinkie Kebakile holds a PhD degree in Economics from the University of Capetown, South Africa. She also holds a Masters of Commerce Degree in Economics from the same university, that is, the University of Capetown. She is an Associate Researcher at BIDPA, working under the Poverty and Welfare Unit. Her research interests are in Poverty Measurement and Analysis, Rural Development, International Trade, Macroeconomics and Forecasting. She has been involved in a number of research and or consultancy projects at BIDPA as a team member. She contributed a chapter on the “Consultancy on the Viability and Long Term Development Strategy for the Livestock (Beef) Sub-Sector in Botswana”. The Chapter is on “The Competitiveness of the Botswana’s Beef Industry”. Other projects include, inter alia, “The Feasibility of Mandatory Fortification of Cereals in Botswana”, A National Trade Policy for Botswana: Zero Draft and Consultations” and “Review of the Existing Welfare Monitoring and Evaluation Systems in Botswana”. Mrs Kebakile has also sat in a number of Reference Groups for the following studies: “The Export Audit” for the Botswana Exporters and Manufacturers Association, “Migration of Nurses” for the Nurses Association of Botswana and the “Bee Keeping Feasibility study for Bee Farming Commercialisation in Botswana” for the Ministry of Agriculture.

In addition, Ms Kebakile is involved in the coordination of the Botswana Trade and Poverty Programme (BTPP) – a programme that promotes dialogue on trade and poverty issues in the country among the public and private sectors as well as the civil society. Mrs Kebakile also assists with the management of the project on “Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN). BIDPA serves as the Secretariat to the National Steering Committee of the Network. In addition, she currently produced an article for the BIDPA Briefing on “Rising Global Food Prices: Causes and Implications for Botswana

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