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Beyond public administration? HIV/AIDS policy networks and the transformation of public administration in Botswana
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What impact has HIV/AIDS had on the structure of public administration and what further lessons do these changes hold for other policy sectors in Botswana? For long, Botswana has had the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS, bringing many developmental challeng

Research Group
 Public Sector Reforms

Date
  26th January 2012

Author
 Gape Kaboyakgosi

Keywords
  HIV/AIDS; Public administration; health administration

statement

What impact has HIV/AIDS had on the structure of public administration and what further lessons do these changes hold for other policy sectors in Botswana? For long, Botswana has had the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS, bringing many developmental challenges. An under-researched facet of HIV/AIDS is the effect it had on the public administration in Botswana. Whereas classical approaches to public administration suggest that it is ‘civil’ service organisations that lead in health administration, HIV/AIDS spawned a particular type of organisation, the policy network. In mitigating HIV/AIDS, the policy environment became more fragmented with networks for treatment, prevention, advocacy and research emerging. These networks are made up of entities from the public, private for-profit and not for-profit sectors. They participate in the agenda setting, formulation, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS policy. Traditional public administration theories cease to hold sway; private actors become engaged in ‘public policy’ and the other way round. Policy is carried out in horizontal arrangements; linking government, business and non-governmental organisations in mutual inter-dependences. Health care professionals share policy spaces with the media, social scientists and politicians. New challenges face public policy-making including co-ordination problems, fragmented accountability and shared policy spaces. Journal article, Public Administration and Development’ 28(4), p 301-310


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