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Rural Poverty i n Botswana: A Gendered Analysis

We model the determinants of rural poverty in Botswana by conducting an empirical analysis of household welfare using the 2009/10 Botswana Core Welfare Indicat or survey (BCWIS) to identify such factors associated with ru

Research Group
 Incomes, Welfare and Poverty

  29th August 2017

 Khaufelo R. Lekobane; Keneilwe S. Mooketsane

  Botswana; Rural poverty; Welfare; Agriculture; Consumption


We  model  the  determinants  of rural  poverty  in  Botswana  by  conducting  an  empirical  analysis  of  household  welfare  using  the  2009/10  Botswana  Core  Welfare  Indicator  survey  (BCWIS) to  identify such  factors  associated  with  rural  poverty. The paper  found that  female  headed  households,  especially those  residing  in  rural  areas  have  higher  incidences  of  poverty  than  male  headed  households.  The  study also found gender (male), education, employment, livestock ownership and access to amenities as factors that  positively  related  with  welfare or  all  rural  households  and  the  results  were  consistent  across  both FHHs  and  MHHs  models,  except  for  a  few  factors  such  as  livestock  ownership.  Household size and dependency ratios negatively related with welfare. However, dependency ratio did not influence welfare amongst  MHHs  since  such  households  are  characterised  by  fewer  dependents  unlike  the  FHHs. Creation of employment  opportunities  in  rural  areas  is  key  in  helping  the  government  in  its  poverty eradication efforts in rural areas. The paper also concludes that FHHs in rural areas must be made a special target of poverty eradication programmes, and a well-focused gender specific intervention for poverty eradication initiatives   is   needed.   Moreover,   rural   development   strategies   should   emphasize   the   provision   of agricultural infrastructure, promotion of agricultural productivity growth through improved technology adoption, as well as provision of basic services such as water, sanitation and electricity in rural areas.



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